A hundred-year-old home economics textbook included a 9-step guide for washing dishes:
The steps for washing dishes correctly are:
Remove the dishes from the table. Remove the bits of food from the plates with the rubber plate-scraper or a piece of paper. Rinse off very dirty dishes. Pile together dishes that are alike.
Put to soak all cooking utensils. Hot water should be put in those which have contained sugar or syrup, and cold water in those which have been used with milk, eggs, cereal, starch or flour.
Pour hot water in the dishpan, make a good suds with the soap, use a clean dishcloth (not a “rag”) or mop, and wash every dish carefully. Do not have the dishpan full of dirty dishes while washing. Always wash the cleanest dishes first.
Place the washed dishes in a drain-pan or dish-drier, being careful not to crowd them. Crowding dishes in a pan is apt to chip them and makes it hard to scald them thoroughly. This pan or drier should be placed at the left of the pan in which the dishes are washed because this will save unnecessary motions in putting the dishes from one into the other.
Rinse dishes thoroughly with boiling water, being sure that each dish has been rinsed inside and out. If the dishes have been scalded in a dish-drier, it may be set on the drain-board and the dishes allowed to dry without wiping. The silver and glass should be washed first. They will look best when wiped and polished dry with a towel. Some persons like to dry all the dishes with a towel. This is a good method, but it takes more time than drying them in a rack or drier.
Scape out and rinse off the cooking utensils. Use plenty of hot soapy water for washing them; wash thoroughly, both inside and out, scouring if necessary. Rinse with boiling water and wipe dry. Steel knives may be scoured with scouring-powder applied with a cork.
Wash off the drain-boards and tables, and scour them with the powder and a brush if necessary. Use clean water for this. Wash out the sink and sour it with a brush and scouring-powder when the soapy water will not remove the stains.
Wash the dish-towels in clean soapy water, removing all spots. Rinse in clean water, shake out and pull into shape. Hang to dry on a rack for this purpose in the kitchen, or better still, hang outdoors in the sun. Wash and rinse the dishcloth or dish-mop.
Clean out the dishpan thoroughly, wipe it dry and put it away.
Elementary Home Economics (1921) by Mary Lockwook Matthews
17 thoughts on “1921 Step-by-Step Guide to Washing Dishes”
I laughed at the instructions, and made some assumptions about Mary Lockwood Matthews’s OCD tendencies, but decided to see what her story was. It was quite a story, actually: there’s a short paragraph about her here that’s worth reading.
That was interesting about Ms Matthews; thank you for sharing the link.
Basically that’s what I was taught – glassware first, then the utensils and then plates and saucers and last the pots and pans… Of course we didn’t scald them with boiling water but we did have really hot water for the rinse!
I really enjoy reading articles like this.
Very good instructions. It also helps to have a couple of kids. My brother washed and I dried. Then when I was tall enough, I washed dishes at my father’s sandwich shop.
I remember cleaning the knives with a cork and scouring powder! It was a job for Sunday mornings.
Wow! That’s a lot of boiling water!
Yes. my life is easier than my mother’s
Ah yes, the scalding step–learned it from my grandmother.
Can’t go wrong with these directions! I was doing it so wrong. OMG.
This is how I learned, though not the boiling water part. I’ve often had a double sink, so wash in one and rinse in the other. Very glad to have had a dishwasher since the kids moved out…
You always find such interesting articles! Since my husband does the dishes (I cook), I don’t think about this much 🙂
Wow! Am I glad to have an automatic dishwasher. No “dishpan hands.,”
I never heard of using a cork to clean a knife. That article covered everything I could think of, and then some. Fun reading!
I admit that I wash dishes by hand and never use my dishwasher, but my method is a bit simpler than this. Quite a find on the article, Sheryl! Make us all realize how easy our lives are:)
It reminds me of all the years before we got a dishwasher. I don’t miss them.
Oh boy. Thank goodness we have dishwashers nowadays. 🙂